In the late 16th century, a
big fire destroyed the temple. Step by step, historical
mysteries were unveiled by scientists. Through stone stele and
royal dynasties, they proved My Son to be the most important
Holy Land of Cham people from the late 4th to the 15th
centuries. For many centuries the Cham built Lip, a mutually
linked architectural complex, with baked bricks and sandstone.
The main temple worship the Linga-Yoni, who represents the
capability of invention. Beside the main tower (Kalan) are
several sub -towers worshipping Genies or deceased kings.
Although time and the wars have destroyed some towers, the
remaining sculptural and architectural remnants still reflect
the style and history of the art of the Cham people.
All of the Cham towers were built on a quadrate foundations and
each comprises three parts: a solid tower base, representing the
world of human beings, the mysterious and sacred tower body,
representing the world of spirits, and the tower top built in
the shape of a man offering flowers and fruits or of trees,
birds, animals, etc., representing things that are close to the
spirits and human beings.
After the My Son ancient tower complex was discovered, many of
its artifacts, especially statues of female dancers and genies
worshipped by the Cham people, worship animals and artifacts of
the daily communal activities, were collected and displayed at
the Cham Architecture Museum in Danang city.